Sinus Infection

Sinus infections are a problem for around 31 million people in the United States each year. If you’re one of them, the ENT experts at Ear, Nose & Throat Care, PC, can help. At their offices in Somerville and Warren, New Jersey, they provide the most advanced treatments for your sinus infection, including minimally invasive balloon sinuplasty. Get relief from the intense facial pain chronic sinusitis can cause by calling Ear, Nose & Throat Care, PC,.

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Sinus infections affect your sinuses, which are air-filled spaces in your head. There are sinuses behind your cheeks, forehead, and eyebrows, either side of the bridge of your nose and behind your nose.

Healthy sinuses have a lining of mucus, which traps any dust and germs when you breathe. Tiny cilia or little hairs, sweep anything that gathers in your sinuses to the passages leading to the back of your throat.

If you have a sinus infection, the cilia can’t work as it should because it causes swelling in your nasal tissues (sinusitis). Instead of flowing down your throat properly, mucus becomes trapped in your sinuses.

An acute sinus infection typically lasts for between three and eight weeks, while chronic sinus infections persist for more than eight weeks.

What causes a sinus infection?

A sinus infection develops when bacteria, fungi, or viruses multiply in the fluid within your sinuses. Bacterial sinus infections are the most common.

Benign growths called nasal polyps, narrow sinus openings, and any abnormality in the bone that separates the nasal passages could make you more likely to develop a sinus infection.

Chronic nasal inflammation and irritation that occurs when you have allergies or asthma can sometimes develop into chronic sinusitis where there’s no infection present.

What symptoms does a sinus infection cause?

Sinus infections often cause chronic facial pain and a feeling of intense pressure behind your nose or eyes. Other symptoms include:

  • Postnasal drip
  • Greenish nasal discharge
  • Congestion
  • Facial tenderness
  • Pain in your teeth
  • Ear pain and sensitivity
  • Coughing
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Bad breath

The Ear, Nose & Throat Care, PC doctors diagnose your sinus infection based on your symptoms and a physical examination. They might also perform a mucus culture to identify the organism causing the infection. Your evaluation could also include a comprehensive endoscopy and an allergy evaluation if necessary.

How are sinus infections treated?

Viral sinus infections usually resolve without any specific treatment. A viral infection typically lasts less than 10 days, so if your symptoms persist beyond that time, you could have a bacterial infection.

Antibiotics are the usual treatment for bacterial sinus infections. If you have a fungal infection, your provider at Ear, Nose & Throat Care, PC, prescribes an antifungal medication instead.

Topical nasal corticosteroids can help with the swelling and inflammation sinus infections cause. Nasal saline washes are also very effective in flushing out thickened mucus safely. If these conservative approaches don’t provide relief, then surgery might be necessary.

Sinus surgery could involve a noninvasive procedure like balloon sinuplasty, or minimally invasive functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS).

If you have persistent symptoms of a sinus infection, call Ear, Nose & Throat Care, PC, or book an appointment online today.

*Video testimonial from one of Dr. Bortniker’s patients below: